Glossary

Benign
Non-malignant.

Bladder
Organ that collects and holds urine that will be withdrawn from the body via the urethra.

BPH
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. A condition in which the prostate becomes enlarged as part of the ageing process.

Catheter
Flexible tube for passing fluids from or into a body cavity, for example a catheter inserted through the urethra into the bladder to remove urine.

Erectile dysfunction
Characterised by the inability to develop or maintain an erection.

Hyperplasia
Multiplied number of cells in a tissue or organ, resulting in an increased size of the part or organ.

IPSS
International Prostate Symptom Score, based on a questionnaire to measure the severity of BPH symptoms.

LUTS
Lower urinary tract symptoms. Symptoms related to BPH but also associated with other urinary conditions.

Nocturia
Waking up at night to urinate.

PLASMA
One of the four fundamental states of matter. PLASMA is created by applying energy to a gas.

PVR
Post-void residual urine. The amount of urine left in the bladder after urination.

Prostate
A walnut-shaped gland in the male reproductive system. It is situated below the bladder and surrounds part of the urethra.

Retrograde ejaculation
The semen does not pass the urethra but is guided into the bladder during orgasm. This is not linked to erectile dysfunction.

TURP
Transurethral resection of the prostate. A resectoscope is inserted into the urethra, then a special device is used to remove tissue from the enlarged prostate gland that is obstructing urine flow.

TURis
Transurethral resection in saline. The same procedure as TURP, but using a special kind of technology known as bipolar technology. This technology has an increased safety profile compared to monopolar resection.

TUR syndrome
Transurethral resection syndrome. A severe complication of TURP caused by the absorption of irrigation fluid. TUR syndrome can lead to mental disturbance, cardiac failure, fluid in the lungs, renal failure, or even death.

Urethra
Tube that connects the bladder to the genitals for the discharge of fluids out of the body.

Urinary incontinence
Unintended and uncontrollable loss of urine.

Vaporisation
Here, transition of prostate gland tissue directly into a gas.